The strengthening of cooperation mechanisms between the two militaries must be rewarded in the context of an increasingly aggressive China, which threatens a large number of countries in its vicinity and beyond, and which has challenged several established norms and aspects of international relations. India and the United States on Tuesday (October 27th) signed the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), which, together with the two agreements previously signed – the Logistics Exchange Agreement (LEMOA) and the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) – a troika of “founding pacts” for deep military cooperation between the two countries. In December 2006, the U.S. Congress passed the historic civil nuclear agreement between India and the United States. Henry J. Hyde Us India Peaceful Atomic Cooperation Act, which authorizes direct civilian nuclear trade with India for the first time in 30 years. In recent years, U.S. policy has opposed nuclear cooperation with India because India has developed nuclear weapons against international conventions and has never signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NNPT). Legislation allows India to purchase nuclear reactors and fuel for civilian purposes.
The signing of LEMOA was in itself a confirmation of mutual trust between the two military personnel and its application will strengthen confidence. It took nearly a decade to negotiate LEMOA, and the exercise somehow filled the confidence gap between India and the United States, paving the way for the other two founding pacts. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was the guest of honour at the first state dinner of U.S. President Barack Obama`s administration on November 24, 2009. Subsequently, Obama visited India from November 6-9, 2010 and signed numerous trade and defense agreements with India. He was speaking at the joint meeting of the Indian Parliament in New Delhi and became only the second President of the United States to do so and announced that the United States would support India`s bid for a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council, meaning the growing strategic dimension of relations between the world`s two largest democracies.  In October 2018, India reached a landmark $5.43 billion agreement with Russia to procure four S-400 surface-to-surface missile defense systems, one of the most powerful missile defense systems in the world that ignores U.S. CAATSA law.  The United States also threatened India with sanctions because of India`s decision to buy oil from Iran.  According to the President of the U.S.-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF), Mukesh Aghi, “sanctions for decades to come would have disastrous consequences for U.S.-India relations.
In India, the United States would again be considered unbelievable.  “We have identified short-term priority projects for the joint development of the agencies concerned, which need to be accelerated under the DTTI and have decided to cooperate more effectively in the area of defence [research and development],” Singh said. On 29 June, when both sides were weakened, the British sent HMS Medea into surrender, declaring to the French that the American War of Independence was over.  The Treaty of Paris was drafted on 30 November 1782, months before the siege of Cuddalore, but the news did not reach India until seven months later, as communications with India were delayed.